Tempering Treatment of Compression Springs

Tempering Treatment of Compression Springs

Compression spring is used in a wide range of industries with its powerful strength. It is the most-used spring and it has become an indispensable product in life. Compression spring heat treatment and tempering is crucial in the manufacturing process of compression spring, we will dig deeper in this topic in this article and tell you what goes into spring tempering.

Does The Compression Springs Need To Be Annealed After Calibration?

There is no doubt that we need to temper the compression spring after the correction.  To satisfy the requirement of drawing, we need to use some tools to realize the local deformation of the compression spring. On the one hand, it can improve the dimensional accuracy, on the other hand, it may has negative effect on the performance of the compression spring, even cause damage. Thus we need to temper the compression spring after the correction.


1. Improve the tensile strength.

The main reason that we need to temper the compression spring is that we need to guarantee the function of the compression spring. After the tempering, the spring can rebound normally and the tensile strength can be raised to 90% . By doing so, the creep resistance can be reduced.

2. Release the residual stress.

The tempered spring can release the residual stress in time so that it can be normally drawn or rolled. The fatigue property and creep resistance can be reduced, so as to make the compression spring life longer.

3. Make the shape of the spring stable.

The spring will not be easily deformed after the tempering because the shape of the spring can be stabilized during the process.

What Should We Pay Attention To During The Tempering Treatment?

1. Do not temper the spring by increasing the temperature and shorten the time.

2. Operator should take the temperature into consideration when adjusting the tempering temperature. Springs with the good fatigue performance should be tempered with lower temperature.

3. The outer diameter of carbon steel spring will be reduced in tempering, so certain dimensions should be reserved before coiling the spring.
4. Tempering color is related to the residues on the surface of the steel wire, and the if you expect the color can be uniform, you should take these factors in consideration, such as the air flow in the furnace, whether there is oil or fingerprints.

5. What is the tempered temperature of a spring? Strength can be improved but the toughness may be lose if you use 200-250℃ temperature to handle the steel wire, and it may lead the breakage of the spring. 280℃ is the ideal temperature of the spring tempering after the spring coil, while 250℃  is the ideal temperature for the reprocessing of the spring.

6. The position of the arms or hook may be changed slightly after the tempering, the deviation value should be considered before tempering.


Xulong spring is a helical compression spring manufacturer in China and we provide high quality compression spring for sale. If you want more details about our product, don’t hesitate to contact us!